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PERRY

THIRUKKURAL

Every week there will be at least one verse from the Thirukkural.

The next post will give a brief background on this great book.

Now, I leave you with a couplet in praise of God:

Agara mudhala ezzhuthelaam aadhi bagavaan muthatre ulagu.

As "A" is the first letter in the alphabet, so is God the starting point of all that exists.


PERRY

THE THIRUKKURAL

The Thirukkural was authored by Thiruvaluvar in the first century AD.

The Kural consists of 1330  couplets to form 3 books, which deal with the first 3 purusarthas (objects which governs Man's action), namely dharma (duty), artha (wealth), and kama (enjoyment).





Knowing One's Duty to Society

Kai-maarru verndaa kadapaadu maarimaaternarung kollo ulagu.

Do not expect any return for the services (duty) done.
What does the world give in exchange for the clouds that pour rain?
PERRY

Thirukkural: Friendship

Friendship
Mukanaka natpathu natpanru nenjathagantha natpathu natpu.

A smile is no index for friendship. Real friendship makes the heart also smile.
PERRY

Couplet from the Thirukkural


Manathin-amaiyaa thavarai enaithonrum
Solinaatre-rerpaar-anru.    

(Sollinaal terarpaarru anru)

It is impossible to convince those whose minds do not agree.
Vithashni

Great stuff Perry.
PERRY

Apprehending the opportune moment

Eytharr kariyathiyaintha kaalanilaiye seythe kariyaseyal.
Do not let slip a golden opportunity; when the hour dawns attempt even the impossible.
Gona

THe beauty of the Thirukural is that so much of wisdom is in just two lines.
SelvanA

This is fantastic stuff, What we been waiting for so long.
Vithashni

I can't get a copy of Thirukural anywhere in Pmb. Anyone knows where?
PERRY

Copy of the Thirukkural

One can buy them from various stores: try Roopanands, stores that sell prayer goods,books, general Tamil-related merchandise.  There are various type of books, so be careful. Some are shortened forms, and some totally in Tamil.  Some are on CD ROM like the Kutralamuthu which has the Thirukural with translations in English, Malay, and French.(Windows 2000/XP/ME/Win9x and 15 MB of free hard disk space).

Nothing can beat the humble book. I have more than one copy, but the one that I use is the copy from "The Ramakrishna Centre of South Africa", ISBN No. 0 908417 23 3 titled "Thirukkural" for those who like to order from a book house or internet. You may choose to order from Leisure books, but they require the title and ISBN #.
This book that I have is small (A5 size ), and has Tamil, with English transliteration and translation.

Devan has ordered some samples from India, and that will take 2 weeks. Once he is satisfied with a choice from 5 copies he ordered, he will be taking orders. He told me that the cost of the book is high, but the price will only cover the costs.  For a Tamil grammar book, I paid a minimum of R350 for a copy. You can check out the prices on Amazon, Kalahari, and similar sites. The Thirukkural of course, will be very much cheaper.

What is nice to get is a set of dictionaries.
PERRY

GRATITUDE


Thinai-thunai nanrri seyinum panaithunaiyaa
Kolvar payantheri vaar

Though the help rendered is as small as a millet seed, it will be considered as huge as a palmyra tree by those who are wise enough to understand the fruit of such an action.


Even though you may help people on a daily basis, to some who are desperate for such help, you will be a God-send. It does not have to be a great deed, to be appreciated. Sometimes, the simple act of plucking a flower for someone can make a world of a difference. Teaching some-one a Tamil verse helps that person a bit, but teaching Tamil will allow that person to elevate himself by leaps and bounds.
It's the same difference of feeding a person with a fish as opposed to teaching that person to fish so he feeds himself for a lifetime!


[/b]
PERRY

Re: GRATITUDE



Thamir periyaar thamara vozhuguthal
Vanmayu-lelaan thalai.

To follow in the footsteps of those that are greater than oneself, is the crown of one' s strength.


It is much easier to follow the path that someone else has tread, as you will know what to expect, and that itself will give you strength and confidence.
It is also much easier to build on something, as opposed to starting off from scratch.  What success was achieved beforee can be repeated, and you have the added advantage of improving in one or more areas or even starting somethong new.
PERRY

Mana nalam manu yirkaakam; inanalam ellaap pukazhun-tharum.

Company of the pure brings one all the glory.

PERRY

Patience

Poruthal Erappinai yenrum athanai marathal athaninum nanru.


It is good to put up with transgressions done to you. It is still better to forget it.
Yethiraj

Now that's some major wisdom there!
PERRY

FALSE FRIENDSHiP


Pagai natpaang kaalam varungaan mukanatakanat poreee vidal
When the enemy pretends alliance, receive him with an outward smile and inward distrust.


"Poreee " will have the extra long "e" sound, a longer nedil sound.
a aa  e  ee. Are examples of short (kuril) and long (nedil) sounds.

In the prescence of enemies, maintain your composure, and no matter how sweet the conversation is, and how nice the person seems, do not trust that person untill he proves himself.

Note: With Tamil grammar, there are certain rules that may change the endingas of some words, and when it comes to poetry, there will also be some change. When you break down the words, the above quotation/ couplet will read:
"Pagai natpu aamkaalam varungkaal mukam nattu akanatpu orii vidal"
This is merely for your information, as they may be someone trying to get meanings using a dictionary. There will be a lot of words thgat will NOT be in the dictionary, so you have to find the root word. Again grammar rules will come into play.
For now, just enjoy the beauty of the sound of Thamil!
Vithashni

Now I can see why this book is so important. Can't wait to get my own copy.
Bhavana

Me too. It will be better if we can read it in Tamil.
PERRY

GREATNESS


Orumai magalire pohlap perumaiyu
Kannaithaan kondohzhugi-noondu.
Just like a chaste woman true to herself maintains her purity of character, so also a person if he is true to himself and does not swerve from the path of righteousness will maintain his greatness.


As much as a virgin maintains her pure status, so should every person maintain the path of the straight and narrow.
A shame is a shame no matter how big or small.
PERRY

Thirukkural Quiz

Now that you are enjoying reading the couplets from the Thirukkural, let's see how you fare in a small quiz.

1 Who wrote this book?
2 What does kural mean?
3 How many couplets are there in each chapter of the Thirukkural?
4 How many chapters are there in the Thirukkural?
5 How many lines are there in each couplet?
6 How many words in the first line?
7 How many words in the second line?
8 What name does the author give to God?
9 What is the heading of the 1st chapter of the Thirukkural?$
10 What does the very first kural tell us?

Please try this quiz out! Even if you have to ask others to help you. Check previous posts for answers!
Answers will follow in the next post!
PERRY

Re: Thirukkural Quiz

Now that you are enjoying reading the couplets from the Thirukkural, let's see how you fare in a small quiz.
Here is a list of few questions with answers. Please try to get the answers on your own first.

1 Who wrote this book?   Valluvar
2 What does kural mean? Short
3 How many couplets are there in each chapter of the Thirukkural? Ten
4 How many chapters are there in the Thirukkural? 133
5 How many lines are there in each couplet?  2
6 How many words in the first line? 4
7 How many words in the second line? 3
8 What name does the author give to God?  He does not give any name.
9 What is the heading of the 1st chapter of the Thirukkural? "In Praise of God"
10 What does the very first kural tell us? Just as "A" is the very first letter ( beginning) of the alphabet, God is the beginning of the Universe!"
    He should be the One you think of first in trouble, in joy, in failure, in happiness, in success, in doubt, in calmness. Always.    
    Nothing should commence without God. Always put God first.
PERRY

Supporting Ones Kinsmen



Kaakai suravaak karainthoonum maakamu
Mananee raake yulla
A crow, whenever it finds food, collects it's friends and shares it with them. Prosperity will abide only with men with a like nature.




Good people share their joys and sorrow. They help each other. Therefore one's fortune is another's fortune. There will ALWAYS be prosperity.  Prosperity will always abound with good people.
PERRY

Thirukkural : Abstention from evil-doing


Sirapeenunj selvam perinam pirarkinaa
Seiyaamai maasatraar kohl


The man who is pure in heart would not injure others even if he could
obtain wealth and renown thereby.


Good people do not intentionally hurt others. More so even if there was
something to gain from it, money, status, or otherwise.
PERRY

Thirukkural: GREATNESS

GREATNESS

975 PERUMAI YUDAIYAVA RAATTRUVAA RAATRI
      NARUMAI YUDAIYA SEYAL.
      Perumai udaiyavar arruvaar aarrin
      Arumai udaiya seyal.


       Men who are really great, will carry out brave and difficult
        tasks (even on adverse circumstances).
       (Any person, male or female, is capable of inherent
        greatness, and will carry out tasks, surprisingly,
        even at unexpected times and even in unfavourable
        situations, without considering excuses and maintaiing
        a positive approach always. This is the true path to
        success.)


PERRY

Thirukkural: RIGHT CONDUCT


RIGHT CONDUCT

Ozhukkam vizhuppam tharalaan ozhukkam
Ooyirinum ombap padum.

Right conduct exalts one. So it should be prized above one's life..
[/b]
Thaveshnie

Re: Thirukkural: GREATNESS

PERRY wrote:
GREATNESS

975 PERUMAI YUDAIYAVA RAATTRUVAA RAATRI
      NARUMAI YUDAIYA SEYAL.
      Perumai udaiyavar arruvaar aarrin
      Arumai udaiya seyal.


       Men who are really great, will carry out brave and difficult
        tasks (even on adverse circumstances).
       (Any person, male or female, is capable of inherent
        greatness, and will carry out tasks, surprisingly,
        even at unexpected times and even in unfavourable
        situations, without considering excuses and maintaiing
        a positive approach always. This is the true path to
        success.)




How's that for a description of Devan? Smile
PERRY

taken from the chapter on :GRATITUDE

Uthavi varaithanru uthavi uthavi
Seyap pattaar saalbin varaithu.

The value of a kind act is not measured by the quantity of the gift, for it's value depends upon the worth and quality of the person who received the aid.
PERRY

Possessing Reason


Anjuvathu anjaamai perthaimai anjuvathu
Anjal arrivaar thozhil.

It is folly not to avoid what is to be dreaded.
To shun the dreadful is the behaviour of those
That have reason as their guide.

When you do not avoid certain people when you should,
you will have reason to regret later.  When there is an action
to perform, and you dread it, your non-action will come back
to haunt you. Depending of the action, the burden can grow
very large and heavy, and cause unnecessary problems, heartache,
Worry and stress not only to you, but also to others who care
about you.




PERRY

ON RESOLUTENESS

RESOLUTENESS

Kalangaadhu kande vinaik kantulangaadhu
Thookkan kadinthu seiyal.


What you have clearly decided to do, do it without hesitation and delay.


Do not lose credibility by continuously saying that you will do this, that and the other, yet not embark on a single task completing it properly.  If you want to do something, only talk if you can carry out that deed. Then proceed despite any setbacks you may encounter. Nothing good or useful is ever achieved without hard work or setbacks.  In fact, you will appreciate the result even more when you battle the odds!  If you wait for another or think that only a certain kind of person only can achieve this, then you have already declared yourself a failure!  Then you only have yourself to blame.

On the other hand, by perservering, you will provide encouragement to others who thought it was impossible. Even if you do not achieve your goal immediately, you will have helped a number of people indirectly! Your successes, although unseen, may be multiplied several times over! Did you think that Edison or Einstein were born geniuses? Did you think they had an easy life? Do you think that they never met any opposition or have any setbacks?

If you are already better off than them, do you not think that you already have an edge?

Remember:

A WINNER NEVER QUITS, AND A QUITTER NEVER WINS!
PERRY

abstaining from anger

Maratthal veguliyai yaarmaattu theeya
Piratthal athanaal varum.

Do not get angry with anyone; for out of anger springs forth a host of evils.
PERRY

THIRUKKURAL V 461

Deliberation before Action


Azhivathooom aavathooom aagi vazhipayakku
Moothiyamunjozhnthu seyal.

After much deliberation over profit and loss and the final gains, launch on a task.

Think before you are spurred into action, as you may lose face, and be humiliated and have great losses -  even financual losses.

If there will be a positive outcome, then get into the task despite difficulties that you foresaw!  Your rewards belong to you!

PERRY


Pattri vidaa-a vidumbaigal pattrinai
Pattri vidaa-a thavarkku.


Sufferings seize men of desires.
PERRY

People who read the Thirukkural


With sure strokes, the Kural draws the ideal of simple ethical humanity. There hardly exists in the literature of the world a collection of maxims in which we find so much lofty wisdom"


Dr Albert Schweitzer
PERRY

CLEMENCY


Kannottam ennum kazhiperun kaarikai
Unmaiyaan undiv ulagu.

The world exists because of the prescence of the most beautiful virtue called kindness.
PERRY

WHAT PEOPLE THINK OF THE THIRUKKURAL


The maxims of Valluvar have touched my soul"
                                  - Mahatma Gandhi
PERRY

CHARITY AND GIFTS


VARIYAAR KONRIVATHER EEGAI MUTRELAAM
KURIYE-THIRPAY NEERA THUDAITHU

A real gift is that which is given to needy men.
All else is clever bargaining for greater recompense.



When alms are given, we give no thought to it. When a gift is exchanged, there is always some kind of follow up expected by both parties, and another gift or favour becomes the "exchange".
Preethi

Does Devan or anyone else have copies of Thirukural in English and Tamil for sale?
Thaveshnie

It's available from Divine Life and Ramakrishna Centres.
ADMIN

VAALLPOL PAGAIVARAI ANJARRKU ANJUGA
KELLPOL PAGAIVAR THODARBU

Don't be afraid of the enemy who stands with threatening gestures, fearful weapons or nasty expressions but BE AFRAID of the smiling faces of "friends" who are jealous of you or who will delight in your downfall.
ADMIN

VAALLPOL PAGAIVARAI ANJARRKU ANJUGA
KELLPOL PAGAIVAR THODARBU

Don't be afraid of the enemy who stands with threatening gestures, fearful weapons or nasty expressions but BE AFRAID of the smiling faces of "friends" who are jealous of you or who will delight in your downfall.
PERRY

Arumai yudaithenru asaavaamai vendum
Perumai muyarchi tharum

Do not lose heart and say - "It is very difficult to achieve." If you strive hard, it will yield success.
PERRY

NOT TO LOSE HOPE IN ADVERSITY


Idukkan varungkaal nakuka athanai
Aduthoor vathu athoppathil




When trouble confronts you, do not lose heart. Patiently smile at it. There is no better means than to face and conquer grief.
thiru

thirukkural

thirukkural has arrived at roopanand with english translation also in the vanacular nd also the meaning in english cost R350 a thick handcover book which every household
PERRY

Vanakkam! A similar book (or same) can be obtained for about R50. Try The Ramakrishna Centre of SA, P.O. Box 40002, Red Hill,4071.
CD's and CD Roms from India cost about R20.
The book I spoke of is the one I use: has the Tamil script, the transliteration (ie how you pronounce the script if you cannot read Tamil) , and the translation in English.

The advantage of the cd is that you can hear the correct pronunciation by a Tamil speaker!
PERRY

Deyvatthaan aakaadu eninum muyarchithan
Meyvarutnthak kooli tharum.
Though fate should ordain failure, nevertheless one will have some benefit proportionate to one's effort.


One should not resign oneself to one's fate, but persevere despite the odds.  So even If you do not achieve the success that fate decides to block, you will have achieved a lot just by trying! And even those failures will be stepping stones to future success!
PERRY

Sey-thu yerman saarach siriyavar punkenmai
Eythalin eythaamai nanru

Better to abandon than contact the friendship of the lowly who do not aid you in adversity.
PERRY

DO NOT LOSE HOPE IN ADVERSITY


Idukkan varunkaal nakuga: athanai adutthur-vadu ahthoppa dhil.

When trouble confronts you, do not lose heart. Patiently smile at it. There is no better means than to face and conquer grief.


What is to happen, will happen. Everything will happen as it is supposed to happen. So learn to accept it if you cannot do anything about it.
Whether it's losing a loved one or your business, learn to live with it. Pick up the pieces and move on. Yes, you will need some time to grieve, and time for reflection, but you have to move on.
Even as things might seem bleak, it will surely improve in as much as the dark rain cloud empty their wetness, and allow the sun to shine through.
thiru

malarmisal aehinaan maanhadi saendhaar
       nilamisal needu vazhvaar
those who bow before the feet of the almighty shall live long without any worry.
one can have all the high qualifications degrees and masters but cannot bow down to the almighty. our ego must vanish.
PERRY

Sirapeenunj selvam perinam pirarkinaa
Seiyaamai maasatraar kohl

The man who is pure in heart would not injure others even if he could
obtain wealth and renown thereby.

Good people do not intentionally hurt others. More so even if there was
something to gain from it, money, status, or otherwise.
PERRY

Moothurai:

Neerallave Aagumaam Neerambal thaann kattra
Nool allave aagumaam noonarivu - melaith
Thavathu allave aagumaam thaan petra selvam,
Kulathu allave aagum gunam.
The water lily grows as high as the water in which it finds itself: a man's knowlewdge depends on the books he has read, a man's fortune is as good as his deeds; his character is according to his birth.
PERRY

When one thinks of the Thirukkurak, which verse comes to mind, and what image? Where would one see such an image?


Agara mudhala ... And either the statue at the southern most tip of India, or the introduction to a movie ..by a certain banner!
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